How to write a tweetable abstract


Just when you have finally mastered how to write a coherent and concise abstract for your research paper, publishers have changed things up. A number of publishers also now require a ‘tweetable abstract’.


Tweetable abstracts should provide the main conclusions or the key message of a paper in a way that is easily understood.

A common mistake made by academics in writing tweetable abstracts is not using tags or hashtags. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Assistant Editor, Samantha Ponton said ‘very few authors use the symbols ‘@’ and ‘#’ in their tweetable abstracts, to refer to an author’s Twitter username or to tag a keyword, respectively’.

‘Hashtags can be used to increase the visibility of a tweet, as users can search Twitter for keywords using this symbol as a prefix, for example, #ecology or #statistics’ she said (Submission requirement aims to boost social media engagement, 2013).

Other common mistakes include using overly technical scientific jargon and superfluous hashtags, or exceeding the character limit (How Twitter Literacy Can Benefit Conservation Scientists, 2013)

Not sure how to write for Twitter? Check out this helpful guide from the University of Pennsylvania. Or the 2014 BRW article 14 tips for getting the most out of Twitter Audience Platform.

Further information
Social media library guide
This guide provides links to helpful social media resources online and in the library.

Griffith University Social Media Guidelines
These guidelines outline the University principles concerning the use of social media and provide advice that assists staff in establishing and using social media spaces. They are framed within the University policies relating to conduct, copyright and intellectual property, privacy, use of information technology and information security.

A quick Q&A with Professor Kathy Andrews

Professor Kathy Andrews

Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery (GRIDD), Professor Kathy Andrews discusses her career, research tips and writing a children’s book.

1. What did you want to be when you were growing up?
I wanted to be so many things when I was growing up! An artist, an author and a scientist. In the end, I was able to mix some of these things together into one great job. Being a scientist is very creative and involves not only solving interesting questions but also communicating your findings to other scientists and the public.

2. Tell us about a previous job (work experience/volunteer work) that you’ve had.
My first job was wrapping presents at Christmas time in a department store!

3. Which 3 apps do you use the most on your mobile device?
iBooks (because I read constantly), Notes (to remind myself of things) and Twitter (still getting used to this one)

4. Which 5 celebrities would you invite to your ultimate dinner party?
That’s a hard one. If my daughter was involved, I would have to say five members of the Firebirds netball team!

5. Tell us about your favourite fictional character.
I don’t have particular favourites, but I am quite taken by the elven characters in Lord of the Rings.

6. What’s the best thing about your current role?
The best thing about my current role is the diversity of things that I am involved in. I work with fantastic staff and students on exciting research projects focused on developing new medicines for malaria, teach undergraduate students about infectious diseases and also talk to people in the community about how great science is.

7. Where do you see yourself in 5 years?
I hope that in five years I will have developed a new type of antimalarial drug. Fingers crossed!

8. What’s been the highlight of your career so far?
The highlight of my career really is in seeing my amazing research students graduate and go on to do wonderful things with their lives and careers. Very rewarding!

9. You are involved in Griffith’s That’s Rad Science project. Tell us about that.
I have always been involved in science communication and in 2016 I decided to try something new that also combined my skills in project management and writing. I wanted to inspire as many children as possible by telling them about the amazing worlds of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). I started That’s RAD! Science with the vision of producing a series of 12 books authored by Queenslanders working in STEM areas. The aim is to distribute the books widely to primary school children and interest them in STEM from an early age. I am authoring the first book about parasites (think pet poo parasites, scratchy head lice, and malaria mini-vampire parasites!)

UPDATE: Check out Kathy’s book launch.

10. What wise advice do you have for new researchers?
Make sure you find something you are passionate about to work on!

11. What’s the best resource you’ve discovered in your Griffith University Library?
The best Griffith University Library resource has to be the ability access online journal articles. When I started as a scientist, I often had to order articles and wait several weeks for them to arrive by post!

12. Can you give us your 3 best research tips?
Take detailed notes, set aside time to think about your research project what it means, and think outside the box as you never know what you might find!

How to use Endnote in 5 minutes

Are you new to Endnote? Check out the Endnote Training channel on YouTube for helpful videos.

You can watch videos such as How to use Endnote in 5 minutes, What’s new in Endnote X8, and Endnote Basic and Online: Installing the Plug-Ins.

The video on How to use Endnote in 5 minutes was uploaded in December last year and provides a quick overview of the most popular features in Endnote for Windows.

Don’t worry Mac users, there’s also a video for you. It’s called How to use Endnote in 6 minutes. Apparently, it takes an extra minute to learn Endnote on a Mac. Sorry.

The How to use Endnote videos for both Mac and Windows take you through the essentials of Endnote, including how to:

  • Import a reference from a database
  • Create a custom group
  • Find Full Text to download PDFs for references
  • Insert a reference in a Word document
  • Format a bibliography
  • Add page number to a citation

Endnote is Griffith University’s recommended bibliographic management software.

Windows users, you can access Endnote on your staff computer by simply going to the Windows start button and selecting Installable Applications. Mac users, you’ll need to download and install the program from the Software Download Service on Google Drive.

You can also install Endnote on your personal computer (for free!). You can find comprehensive instructions for both Mac and Windows on Griffith Library’s Endnote webpage.

Want a face-to-face Endnote training session? You can attend a workshop run by Griffith University Library. Visit the Library Workshops webpage to find the next available session. All staff are welcome to attend but preference will be given to Higher Degree Research (HDR) candidates. Register now!

Did you know that lemons prevent highway deaths?

So the more lemons the USA imports from Mexico, fewer deaths occur on the highway. Seriously. There are stats to prove there is a correlation between lemon imports and highway deaths.

But before you start lobbying the Australian government to import Mexican lemons, we should look at where the data comes from and what it’s trying to say.

We live in a world where there is a lot of fake news and learning the difference between causation and correlation is an important step.

Causation means if X causes Y, therefore if we change X we change Y. The end result is directly related to the first event(s). Whereas correlation means the end results mimic each other. So they look like they match but it does not mean the two events are related.

A well-known example is homicide and ice cream. When murder rates increase, so do ice cream sales. Does this mean that a murder takes place and someone celebrates with ice cream? No.

  • Summer starts, therefore, ice cream sales increase.
  • Summer starts, therefore, murder rates increase.

Summer is the causation of these two events, but without that critical piece of information, media can spin it to appear as though ice cream and homicide go hand in hand.

Nowadays, we can access information instantly on a small device we carry in our pocket – but anyone can put anything up on the internet. It also seems that the best way to get people to read or click on your story is to give it a sensational headline.

So here are a few ways to spot a fake news item:

  1. Are ‘legitimate’ sites talking about it? If the BBC and CNN are covering it, then it probably really happened or is happening.
  1. Are multiple sites saying the same thing? If not, then only a few sites are making a bigger deal than it needs to be.
  1. When you do a Google search, do you have multiple sites debunking it? Then, again, a small bit of information turned into something more.
  1. Do they have references? Are they citing anyone or anything that is known as reliable and/or has integrity?
  1. Finally, how do you feel? Fake news is designed to evoke certain feelings – particularly, feelings of fear and loss of control.  They want you to keep reading/clicking to get ‘more information’.

4 ways to open your research

Open access, strictly defined, means research outputs that are free of restrictions on access and use. It has expanded from research articles and papers, to include open data, books, software and many other formats. Benefits of open access include that it can:

  • Increase the academic and societal impact of research
  • Improve public policy and decision making
  • Allow academics in parts of the world that cannot afford expensive journal subscriptions to access research
  • Allow transparency of research

So, how can you make your research more open?

1. Publish in an open access journal

There are many open access journals to choose from, and journal evaluation services like Scimago and InCites Journal Citation Reports include an Open Access filter so you can easily search for them alongside other features like journal impact factor and ranking. You can also consult the Directory of Open Access Journals.

If your research output is not an article there are other options. For example, Knowledge Unlatched is a publisher which provides free access to scholarly content. While the focus for Knowledge Unlatched has been social sciences from 2018 KU will accept submissions in STEM subject areas.

When choosing an open publisher we recommend the Think Check Submit website to help make that decision. Check out Griffith Library’s Strategic Publishing Guidelines for Authors or talk with your Discipline Librarian.

2. Disseminate your research outputs via Griffith Research Online (GRO)

GRO provides free online full-text versions of your journal articles, conference papers, and more, to a global audience. To make the most of GRO check your outputs are up-to-date with the Office for Research. After the Library checks copyright and publisher policies regarding open access and embargoes we will contact you directly so you can provide the right file for upload

3. Make your research data available

As well as being required by some funding agencies and publishers, making your research data available means other researchers can test and build upon your work. Use the Creative Commons licence tool to choose the most appropriate licence for your data, and select an appropriate discipline based data repository to store your datasets. For further information, consult Griffith Library’s Best Practice Data Guidelines for Researchers, attend one of our research data management workshops or talk with your Discipline Librarian.

4. Increase your online visibility

Excellent research is only one part of your story. The other part is telling people about your research, and there are many tools to do this: Griffith Experts, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, ORCID, ResearcherID and social media platforms.

There is great variation in what each of these tools offers, from publication lists and citations, to online communities connecting with experts, and showcasing experience. By building your research profile and engaging with internal and external networks you provide exposure for yourself that can potentially increase the academic impact of your research.

Effective online profiles can extend the reach of your research so that it is discoverable not only by peer academics but also industry and the general public. Use Griffith Library’s Developing your Online Research Profile module and Academic Impact guide to plan your online strategy and build an effective profile, or talk with your Discipline Librarian.


Open Access Week was in October, and to celebrate Griffith hosted Open Research: Four stories from Griffith, a panel discussion on the 2017 theme, “Open in order to…”. The event was hosted across three campuses, with a diverse audience of academics, HDR candidates, professional staff and librarians in attendance. Our panel of experts discussed their experience in open research, and explored the actions they take as Griffith academics to enhance their impact and benefit the community. The panel and attendees joined in an intriguing and intelligent discussion – check out the photos below!

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Have you heard of the OpenHeart Project?

Cardiovascular diseases are attributed as the leading cause of death throughout the developed world. Of these, Heart Failure is the fastest growing cardiovascular disease, and affects more than 300,000 Australians.

Treatment options for Heart Failure include, ideally, heart transplants (however only 4,500 transplants are performed across the globe each year), or more commonly, the use of Mechanical Circulatory Support (MCS). MCS iDevices are used for patients with advanced heart failure.

The OpenHeart Project aims to promote improved collaboration and research standardisation between researchers in the field of MCS through implementation of an open-source online research platform. It is especially geared towards PhD students and early career researchers.

It leverages the existing expertise in the field of MCS to develop new and improved heart and blood pumps for use in developing countries.

Griffith’s Professor Geoff Tansley from the School of Engineering, along with UQ’s Dr Jo Pauls are the lead researchers and instigators of this project. The solution developed was architected and project managed by our very own eResearch Services, with rights and use statements created by the University Copyright Officer Antony Ley.

Website development was undertaken by Griffith Work-Integrated Learning students under the guidance of Amanda Miotto from eResearch Services.

The solution, which was developed using, Confluence and BitBucket, is totally cloud based and natively uses cloud platform functionality to ensure ongoing supportability of the product.

Initial funding was provided by The Prince Charles Hospital Foundation through The Common Good.

For more information, check out the OpenHeart Project website.

More Proquest resources for you

‘Please Sir, may I have some more?’

Just so happens you can! In fact, the Proquest eBook Central – Academic Complete now has access to over 152,000 eBooks!

Proquest recently announced a five year agreement with the publisher Wiley to make an additional 4,000 eBook titles! By the year 2022, eBook Central will carry more than 14,000 Wiley titles. Not only that, earlier this year 1076 ebook titles were added to the collection from publishers including:

  • Cambridge University Press
  • Oxford University Press
  • Rowan & Littlefield
  • International Atomic Energy Agency

And to add some icing onto that cake, an additional 6,000 eBook titles were included from Taylor & Francis in a broad range of subjects.  The top three subjects for inclusion from this publisher are:

  • Business & Economics
  • Education
  • History

Hot tip: don’t forget you can search by publishers name (eg. Oxford University Press) and refine your Search by Publication, Subject, Author, etc.

So get searching, scrolling, reading and researching. Enjoy!